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Minnesota's Medical Cannabis: A Guide for Patients

Ever since Minnesota became the 22nd state in the United States to legalize medical marijuana, the landscape has undergone considerable evolution. The Minnesota Department of Health's Office of Medical Cannabis, tasked with overseeing the program, has made substantial efforts to ensure that the state's medical marijuana cardholders have proper guidance, both from federal law and state law perspectives.


Understanding Minnesota's Medical Cannabis Law


ARCannabisClinic – Your trusted medical cannabis partner in Minnesota.

Understanding Minnesota's Medical Cannabis Law requires looking at the regulations and guidelines set by the Minnesota Department of Health and the Office of Medical Cannabis. The state's medical cannabis law, established in 2014, provides a framework for the use of medical cannabis to treat certain qualifying conditions, making Minnesota the 22nd U.S. state to legalize medical cannabis.


One of the main tenets of Minnesota's medical cannabis law is the definition of qualifying conditions. The list includes conditions such as cancer, glaucoma, HIV/AIDS, Tourette syndrome, ALS, seizures including epilepsy, severe and persistent muscle spasms, inflammatory bowel disease, terminal illness, intractable pain, PTSD, autism, obstructive sleep apnea, and Alzheimer's disease. This list has evolved over time to include additional conditions based on ongoing medical research and evidence.


To access medical cannabis, a patient needs a certification from a healthcare provider, like a licensed medical marijuana doctor or nurse practitioner. This healthcare provider must be responsible for the patient's ongoing care relating to their qualifying condition. After certifying the patient, the healthcare provider must register the patient with the Office of Medical Cannabis.


The law also mandates an annual registration fee for patients, which varies depending on the patient's circumstances. Once registered, patients can obtain medical cannabis in various forms such as pills, oils, or liquids from one of the state-approved Cannabis Patient Centers. Notably, the law does not permit the use of raw cannabis or the smoking of cannabis.


It's essential to remember that despite the legalization of medical cannabis at the state level, cannabis is still classified as a Schedule I controlled substance at the federal level, meaning its use is illegal under federal law. However, in practice, the federal government has largely refrained from enforcing federal laws regarding medical marijuana in states where it is legal.


Minnesota's Medical Cannabis Law reflects the state's approach to leveraging the potential therapeutic benefits of cannabis while maintaining strict control to prevent misuse. The law is subject to ongoing review and amendment to adapt to new research findings, changes in societal attitudes, and evolving legal landscapes at both the state and federal levels. As such, it is crucial to consult the most current legal resources for the latest updates and information.


The Medical Marijuana Card and Registration Process


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Obtaining a Medical Marijuana Card in Minnesota involves a multi-step process, which is regulated by the Minnesota Department of Health and the Office of Medical Cannabis.

  1. Qualifying Conditions: The first step is to determine if you have a qualifying medical condition as outlined by the Minnesota Medical Cannabis Program. The list of qualifying conditions includes severe and debilitating illnesses such as certain cancers, glaucoma, HIV/AIDS, Tourette's syndrome, ALS, epilepsy, severe muscle spasms, inflammatory bowel disease, terminal illness, intractable pain, PTSD, autism, obstructive sleep apnea, Alzheimer's disease, chronic pain, and sickle cell disease.

  2. Medical Certification: If you have a qualifying condition, you must then obtain certification from a healthcare provider. This could be a licensed physician, a nurse practitioner, or a physician assistant who is responsible for your care regarding your qualifying condition. They must review your health records and confirm your diagnosis before certifying you through the registry system managed by the Office of Medical Cannabis.

  3. Patient Registration: Once your healthcare provider submits your certification, you will receive an email from the Office of Medical Cannabis. This email will include a link to continue your registration process online. During registration, you will need to provide your details, including legal name, address, birth date, and government-issued ID. You'll also need to decide which Cannabis Patient Center you'll visit to pick up your medical cannabis.

  4. Payment: After submitting your registration, you will need to pay an annual registration fee. The fee is reduced for patients who receive social security disability, supplemental security insurance payments, or are enrolled in the MinnesotaCare program.

  5. Approval and Card Issuance: Once your payment is processed, the Office of Medical Cannabis will review your application. If approved, you will receive an email with your approval and instructions about how to obtain your medical cannabis from your chosen patient center. Note that Minnesota does not issue physical medical marijuana cards. The approval email serves as proof of your eligibility to purchase and possess medical cannabis.

  6. Product Selection and Purchase: Once registered, you will be able to visit your chosen Cannabis Patient Center and consult with a pharmacist to decide on the appropriate product and dosage.

Remember, this card does not give you the right to use marijuana recreationally or to grow your own cannabis plants. It simply allows you to purchase, possess, and use medical marijuana for your personal medical use as per Minnesota state law.

This registration process ensures that medical cannabis is only available to those who have been certified as having a serious health condition that may be improved by the use of medical cannabis.


Medical Cannabis in Minnesota: Products and Use


Minnesota's medical cannabis landscape

Minnesota's Medical Cannabis Program allows for the use of medical cannabis in several forms. However, unlike some other states, Minnesota law does not permit the smoking of cannabis or the use of raw cannabis plant material. Here are the available forms and usage under the state's program:

  1. Cannabis Pills and Capsules: This is a common method for medical cannabis delivery. Patients take these pills or capsules orally, and they contain cannabis extracts.

  2. Cannabis Oils: Cannabis oils can be consumed orally, or they can be vaporized and inhaled. Many patients prefer vaporizing because it allows the cannabis to take effect quickly.

  3. Topical Cannabis: Topical forms of cannabis such as creams, ointments, lotions, and transdermal patches are used externally. They are often used for local pain relief, inflammation, or skin conditions.

  4. Tinctures: Tinctures are liquid cannabis extracts that are typically applied under the tongue, where they are quickly absorbed. They can also be added to food or drinks.

  5. Cannabis Liquid, including oils used for vaporizing: This form can be heated until it vaporizes and then inhaled. Vaporizing provides a method of consumption that is less harmful than smoking.

These medical cannabis products are available from state-approved Cannabis Patient Centers. Patients registered with the Minnesota Medical Cannabis Program can consult with pharmacists at these centers to determine the most appropriate form and dosage of medical cannabis for their condition.


It's important to note that while these products are legal for use by registered patients under state law, the use, possession, and sale of cannabis remain illegal under federal law. As such, medical cannabis should always be used responsibly, in accordance with the guidance of a healthcare provider and state regulations.


Impact on Minnesota Residents and Beyond


marijuana farmer holding hemp seeds

Nestled in the heart of the Twin Cities, St. Paul, is the Minnesota Department of Health's Office of Medical Cannabis, a vital pivot in the state's unique approach to managing the medical use of marijuana. Minnesota's medical cannabis program, launched after the state became the 22nd to approve the use of medical marijuana in the United States, has marked a significant shift in the health care practitioners' approach to treating a range of qualifying conditions.


Under the Minnesota law, medical marijuana certification, managed by licensed medical marijuana doctors and other healthcare professionals like nurse practitioners, allows medical cannabis patients with conditions such as chronic pain, intractable pain, severe vomiting, persistent muscle spasms, and severe wasting associated with terminal illness to obtain a medical marijuana card. The application process and annual registration fee are monitored by state agencies, with health information and medical records reviewed during the certification process.


Eligibility also extends to conditions like Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Sickle Cell Disease, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, and Obstructive Sleep Apnea. A probable life expectancy of less than a year also qualifies a patient for the program, as decreed by the Minnesota Supreme Court. The use of cannabis flowers, edible products, and marijuana products is restricted to medical purposes, with patients obtaining these from state-sanctioned, in-state manufacturers or cannabis patient centers.


Despite federal law listing marijuana as a controlled substance, Minnesota statutes protect registered patients, and their legal guardians, from legal repercussions at a state level. Yet, the Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Apprehension, other law enforcement, and the task force at the Minnesota Department of Health, remind patients and medical professionals that use outside the state of Minnesota, or by non-cardholders, falls under a different set of rules, often leading to positive test results and potential legal action. It's a delicate balance to maintain, considering the limited access to medical cannabis and the evolving perceptions of recreational marijuana use.


Yet, it's a path that Minnesota, and its residents from Hennepin County to St. Paul, are determined to tread. The constant updates to Minnesota's medical marijuana laws and the educational resources provided by the health care provider community and the Office of Medical Cannabis aid in this endeavor. Despite challenges on the federal level, the state aims to foster a program that responsibly facilitates the use of medical cannabis while considering the welfare of its residents. In 2023, with Governor Mark Dayton at the helm, the state's focus remains on ensuring the program's sustainability and impact on Minnesota residents and beyond.


ARCannabisClinic: Your Reliable Medical Cannabis Partner


If you need a licensed medical marijuana doctor to assist with your certification process, ARCannabisClinic stands as a trusted ally. As the nation's largest network of medical professionals specializing in medical cannabis certification, we are committed to helping you navigate Minnesota's medical marijuana landscape.


Our health care professionals offer a robust range of services, including medical marijuana treatment for qualifying conditions. With a patient-centric approach, we provide educational resources to empower you and ensure you make informed decisions. For easy access to our services, click here.


Whether you're an adult patient, a legal guardian seeking help for a minor, or a healthcare provider looking to understand more about the certification process, ARCannabisClinic is your reliable partner in navigating the medical marijuana landscape in Minnesota.

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